Pausing and editing during writing.

Pausing and editing during writing.

This project aims at describing and analyzing the location and function of pauses and editings in text writing, and thereby identify such (linguistic) contexts and texttypes that prove to be difficult.

Alamargot and Chanquoy (2001) summarize the underlying assumption behind the analysis of pause duration during text writing in on-line studies by saying that longer pause durations indicate that the ongoing processes are more complex. The most widespread interpretation of pauses is that they occur because of competition for limited processing capacity (proposed e.g. by Just and Carpenter, 1992). Another reason for pausing is that the execution of a motor skill like typing (i.e. a low-level process) competes with high-level processes like planning and revision (e.g. Pashler, 1993; McCutchen, 1994). A third suggestion is that pauses occur because the outcome of the processing of one task conflicts with the processing required for another task (proposed by Navon and Miller, 1987).

Pause analyses can give valuable insights into e.g. what linguistic structures and text types that are difficult to produce. By comparing the real-time writing processes (e.g. provided from keystroke logging) from writers with different skills and abilities, we will know more about the development of writing. We will also know more about the processes behind texts of different types, which will help in developing aids and guidelines for improving writing. Finally, a closer analysis of writing in real time will add to the fundamental knowledge of how human language is produced.

Presentations and publications associated with this project

“Hur samspelar språk och tänkande? Tänker vi annorlunda när vi skriver än när vi talar?” Hjärndagen 7 nov 2011, Arrangör: Forsknings och framsteg;

Johansson V. & Gustafson, P. “Pauses in writing – a developmental perspective” (paper) Writing 2012 Conference in Porto, 11-13 July 2012.

Johansson, V. (2012) Språkets utveckling. Tala, läsa, skriva. Föredrag för grundskolelärare i Östra Lund. 1 feb 2012.

Johansson, V. (2011) Från det ena till det andra – när tänker man medan man skriver? Humanist- och Teologdagarna 8-9 april 2011

Johansson, V. (2011) Keystroke logging – some research questions COST workshop in Potsdam 4-6 april 2011.

Johansson V. (2012) Från tal till skrift. Om skrivutveckling under skolåldern. Språkfestivalen, Umeå universitet 30-31 oktober 2012.

Johansson, R., Johansson, V. & Wengelin, Å. (2012) Text production in Handwriting vs. Computer Typing. Torrance, M., Alamargot, D., Castelló, M., Ganier, F., Kruse, O., Mangen, A., Tolchinsky, L., & van Waes, L. (eds.) Pages 310-311.

Johansson, V. (2011) Språkutveckling i tal och skrift – är det någon skillnad? in Svenskans beskrivning 31: Perspektiv på skrivande, Institutionen för språkstudier, Umeå Universitet, pp. 144-151.

Johansson, V. & Gustafson, P. (2012) Vad gör man när man skriver? Om processen bakom den färdiga texten. Vardagligt skriftbruk, Umeå 13-15 juni 2012.

Asker-Árnason, L. Grenner, E., Johansson, V. & Sahlén, B. (2012) Working memory and pause patterns in the writing of teenagers with hearing impairment. Poster at 13th International conference of the EARLI Special Interest Group on Writing, University of Education, Porto, Portugal, July 11-13, 2012.

Johansson, V., Johansson, R., & Wengelin, Å. (2010). A comparison of pausing between writing on keyboard and handwriting. 12th International conference of the EARLI Special Interest Group on Writing, University of Education, Heidelberg, Germany, September 9, 2010.

CCL-Members connected to this project:

Victoria Johansson, Birgitta Sahlén, Lena Asker-Árnason, Emily Grenner, Joost van de Weijer, Viktoria Åkerlund.

Other associates: Pia Gustafson, Roger Johansson, Åsa Wengelin